US scientists make breakthrough in fusion energy

By Madhupriya

December 13,2022

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The Sun and other stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. A fusion reaction occurs when two light nuclei combine to form a single heavier nucleus. Because the total mass of the resulting single nucleus is less than the mass of the two original nuclei, the process releases energy. The remaining mass is converted into energy.

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What is a nuclear fusion explain?

International Cooperation Since the concept of nuclear fusion was discovered in the 1930s, experiments have been ongoing, and today there are approximately 20 fusion reactors around the world, all attempting to reach the extremely high temperatures required for fusion to occur.

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Is nuclear fusion possible yet?

Scientists believe they are only a few years away from extracting more energy from fusion reactions than was required to create them. Venture capitalists are pouring billions of dollars into companies in an effort to build a fusion power plant by the early 2030s.

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How close are we to nuclear fusion?

Nuclear fusion produces the same energy that powers the sun and stars by combining the nuclei of two light atoms at high speeds. These atoms then combine to form the nucleus of a heavier atom, releasing energy in the process.

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How is nuclear fusion created?

Abundant energy: Controlled atom fusion produces nearly four million times the energy of a chemical reaction such as coal, oil, or gas combustion, and four times the energy of nuclear fission reactions (at equal mass).

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Why is nuclear fusion so powerful?

Nuclear fusion, while producing enormous amounts of energy (far more than nuclear fission), cannot destroy the earth.

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Can nuclear fusion destroy the earth?

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