The beaver is the biggest rodent in North America and one of Canada’s most beautiful creatures. Beavers can easily bite through tree trunks and branches because to their strong jaws, chisel-sharp incisor teeth, and characteristic flat tail.
The largest member of the deer family, the moose can grow to a height of 1.8 metres from shoulder to hoof and weigh between 360 and 725 kilogrammes. Typically larger than females, males (called bulls) are distinguished by their enormous antlers, which can reach a length of 1.5 metres.
3. Polar bear
Since Canada is home to at least two-thirds of the world’s polar bears, we have a unique relationship with and responsibility for these animals.
Bison are Ice Age survivors and represent power, tenacity, and our prairie past. They can gallop up to 65 miles per hour and can weigh up to 900 kilogrammes, clearing snow and bush with their enormous heads.
5. Southern resident killer whale
The fearsome southern resident killer whale, sometimes known as an orca, is one of Canada’s most famous marine creatures and holds cultural significance for many First Nations people. It may be found in B.C.’s Salish Sea.
The long ivory tusks on the Atlantic walrus, which are used to crack sea ice and climb out of the ocean, are recognised for their imposing presence, impressive whiskers, and outstanding whiskers.
One of Canada’s most iconic species, the caribou lives in the Arctic, the boreal forest, and the mountains. Our 25-cent coin has a woodland caribou that lives in southern Canadian boreal forests and is in danger, while the smaller, scrappier barren-ground caribou that wander the Arctic are also suffering from sharp decreases.
8. Atlantic puffin
The only puffin that is native to the Atlantic Ocean is the Atlantic puffin, which is the provincial bird of Newfoundland. They congregate in vast colonies to breed in the spring and summer on the islands and beaches. Puffins spend a large portion of their lives at sea and are skilled swimmers.
9. Canada lynx
The Canada lynx effectively hunts in the snow and eats hares, ducks, and young deer with paws akin to snowshoes. This stealthy hunter is known to climb trees and swim to catch fish quickly.
10. Beluga whale
Beluga whales are among the most easily recognised whales in Canada thanks to their upturned, “smiling” mouths and pearly white skin. A majority of the world’s beluga population, which makes up around two thirds, spends the summer in Canadian waters.